Revelation Badge

Lamb of the Seven Seals

This image seems to be a representation of the seven seals and the lamb that opens the seals. The style of this art suggests that it is older. There isn't much depth to the image and it isn't meant to be a realistic interpretation of our world. This is a very simple, easy to understand piece of art given the context of the Book of Revelation. Also, this piece focuses on one element of the Book of Revelation, while other pieces of art based on the Book of Revelation try to capture the scope of the entire event.

Book of Revelation

This image is an example of a piece of art that tries to capture the entire scope of the Book of Revelation. It contains God on his throne with the lamb, the four horseman, and the apocalyptic events of the book in the background. This large scope and attempt at creating a realistic depiction of the events described in the book s very different from other images. It is also a rather tame depiction of the Book of Revelation. The apocalyptic destruction is in the background and not much gruesome violence is shown or even implied.

The Four Horseman

This image focuses on the destruction and vengeance of the characters of the four horseman. The image is solely about these characters and none of the other events in the book are depicted. The characters seem very demonic, violent, and angry. This is very different from the rather docile interpretations of the book that I have already shown. Without knowing the background of any of these images, I would assume that the only secular image is this one, that tries to portray the fury and madness of the events in the Book of Revelation. The other images, which I assume are more religious, focus on what could be interpreted as the more positive sides of the Book of Revelation.

Heresy Badge
Gnosticism (according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary)- the thought and practice especially of various cults of late pre-Christian and early Christian centuries distinguished by the conviction that matter is evil and that emancipation comes through gnosis

Heresy (according to Merriam-Webster Dictionary)- a belief or opinion that does not agree with the official belief or opinion of a particular religion

Defending Heretical Texts
1. These heretical texts provide a new point of view and interpretation of religious texts. These different interpretations could be valuable to many people and shouldn't be destroyed. Dissenting opinions and interpretations, as long as they aren't calling for harm to other people, should be encouraged and discussed.

2. Destroying documents that we disagree with is not right. We shouldn't try to destroy ideas and theories that exist, instead we should address these dissenting ideas and debate them. If the heretical texts are truly horrible and inhumane then we should fight them and stop them from spreading, but we shouldn't destroy texts that provide new ideas that we simply disagree with.

3. These documents are also important as historical documents. We shouldn't be destroying history and pretending that it never happened. These texts are legitimate parts of human history and should be preserved on that basis alone.

4. Also, part of the reason the church would destroy heretical documents was to stop any thought that would challenge their authority. I disagree with this way of thinking, and it doesn't really apply to these historical texts. These texts will be examined and can provide great knowledge and historical context for modern people to understand the biblical world and won't threaten the already well-established power of the church.

5. In the beginning of Christianity, many Jews viewed Christians as heretics. Later, during the Reformation, Protestants were viewed as heretics by Catholics. Over time all of these things have been hugely influential on our world and it would be extremely hypocritical of the church to destroy texts that they view as heretical when, at the beginnings of their own church, they were viewed as heretics.

Pop Culture Badge
1. A Serious Man is a movie that is influenced by the Book of Job. The main character is a rather inconspicuous, good man that has a multitude of bad things happen to him throughout the movie. He also talks to three rabbis to try to figure out what is going wrong, similarly to how Job talks to his three friends.

2. Noah is a movie that is directly based on the story of Noah's Ark that is found in the Book of Genesis. It is a modern interpretation of the story, with montages depicting evolution and the depiction of Noah as a flawed man.

3. The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford is influenced by The Gospels. The relationship between Robert Ford and Jesse James is very reminiscent of the relationship between Judas and Jesus because Robert is one of Jesse's "apostles" and he betrays Jesse, who is portrayed as a mythical figure throughout the movie.

4. East of Eden is influenced by the story of Cain and Abel in the Book of Genesis. The film is about a rivalry between two brothers that ends in tragedy. The brothers are even named Cal and Aron and their father is named Adam and a verse directly from the story of Cain and Abel is quoted in the film.

5. Babel is a movie that is influenced by the story of the Tower of Babel in the Book of Genesis. It follows people from around the world and connects them through one event and their universal struggles. This movie could be seen as a kind of sequel to the story of the Tower of Babel and it's consequences in the modern world.

Psalms Badge
Human Characteristics Promoted in Psalms
1. Righteousness
2. Forgiveness
3. Compassion
4. Faith
5. Fear
6. Justice
7. Vengeance
8. Trust
9. Thankfulness

Examples From Psalms
Righteousness: Chapter 5. Verse 12 "For you, Lord, will bless the righteous; you will surround them with favor as with a shield."
Vengeance: Chapter 28. Verses 3-5 "Do not drag me away with the ungodly, with evildoers who speak civilly to their fellows, though with malice in their hearts. Requite them for their works, their evil deeds; repay them for what their hands have done, because they do not discern the works of the Lord or what his hands have done. May they be given their deserts; may he strike them down and never restore them!"

Characters Who Exemplify These Characteristics
1. Righteousness: Col. Dax (Paths of Glory)
2. Forgiveness: Ken (In Bruges)
3. Compassion: "The Female" (Under the Skin)
4. Faith: Father James (Calvary)
5. Fear: Barry Egan (Punch-Drunk Love)
6. Justice: Bobby Sands (Hunger)
7. Vengeance: Roy Battie (Blade Runner)
8. Purity: John Merrick (The Elephant Man)
9. Thankfulness: George (A Single Man)
10. Honor: Zero (Grand Budapest Hotel)

Great Flood Badge
Deucalion- This painting depicts Deucalion holding up his wife, Pyrrha during the flood. There is no reference to the chest which was supposed to have saved them in the story. This image focuses on the human characters, mainly Deucalion as the hero who saves his wife and who, in the story, will throw the rocks behind him which turn into human beings. This image tries to depict the story of Deucalion in a slightly realistic way as it doesn't have any images of the gods or of any fantastical beings. The artist seems to have taken inspiration from the original story without trying to be historically or theologically accurate, unlike the artist of the Noah's Ark image. It is also, in my opinion, the most artistically skillful painting of these three images and this painting's primary function seems to be as a piece of art rather than as a theologically accurate image.

emma-v-moore-14-manus-ark 2.jpg
Manu and the Fish- This image depicts the fish guiding a ship to safety during the flood. A difference in this image and the story is that in the story Manu uses a rope to tie his ship to the fish but in the image a snake is tied to the ship and the fish. Manu is not seen at all in the painting and although we can assume he is on the ship, the main focus of this image is definitely on the fish and the gods in the sky who are causing the storm. This image contrasts with Deucalion because the image of Deucalion focuses on the humans in the story while this image dismisses them and focuses on the more fantastical images of the gods and the giant fish and snake. This artist seems far less interested in creating a "realistic" depiction of the Great Flood when compared to the images of Deucalion and Noah's Ark.

The Story of Noah- This image of Noah's Ark also tries to depict the story in a realistic way. The image is far less intimate than the image of Deucalion and far less fantastical than the depiction of Manu and the Fish. The image focuses on the large scale of the ship and all of the animals that are patiently waiting to get on the ship. There are a few humans in the image and it isn't clear who Noah is, although we may infer that he is near the entrance of the ship and is commanding the animals. The image doesn't present Noah as a hero like Deucalion is presented, instead the image focuses on the scale of the ship and number of animals on it. There are also dinosaurs in this image, which means the creator of this image wanted to show it as he or she believed the event would happen. There is no mention of dinosaurs in the bible in order for there to be dinosaur fossils today, the artist must account for dinosaurs in his depiction of this story.