Textus Receptus

Textus Receptus, or the Received Text, is the most important biblical artifact of the Common Era. This New Testament, written in Koine Greek, was the Bible used for the translations of the King James Bible, the German Luther Bible, the Spanish Reina-Valera, and the Russian Synodal Bible. It was also the translation base for William Tyndale’s first English translation in 1526. All English Bibles between Tyndale’s first and the turn of the 20th century came from Textus Receptus. Early churches such as the Apostolic Churches, the Italic Church of Northern Italy (157 A.D.), and the Gallic Church of Souther France (177 A.D.) all used the Textus Receptus. The Textus Receptus was largely unknown outside of the Greek Church during the dark ages, but was restored when the great Dutch scholar Erasmus published his Greek New Testament in 1516. Erasmus also focused on a Latin text, but it was overshadowed by the success of his Greek New Testament. The Textus Receptus is considered the Majority Text, favored over the Minority Texts that came 200 years later because it agrees with all of the earliest versions of the Bible and does not have any of the deletions or additions found in the Minority Text.Textus2.JPG

Early Christianity Timeline

Circa 4 B.C.: Jesus of Nazareth was born in Bethlehem
c.30 A.D.: Crucifixion of Jesus
c.36: Stephen becomes First Christian martyr
48: Council of Jerusalem
57: Paul’s Letter to the Romans
62: Martyrdom of James
70: Jewish rebellion against the Roman Empire ends. Destruction of the temple in Jerusalem. Centre of Christianity begins to move to Antioch, Alexandria, and Rome.
c.90: Book of Revelation and the Gospel of Saint John written
150: Justin Martyr dedicates his First Apology
155: Polycarp martyred
248: Cyprian elected bishop of Carthage
367: Saint Athansius is the first to list all 27 New Testament books in his festal letter

Saint Stephen Bio
Saint Stephen was, according to the Acts of the Apostles, a deacon in the early church of Jerusalem. Stephen is most famous for becoming the first martyr of Christianity circa 36 A.D. Stephen was a Hellenist, which is a foreign-born Jew who spoke Greek. Stephen lived in Jerusalem and later became a Christian. He was recognized as a man with special talents as an evangelist. After rapid growth in the number of Jews converting to Christianity, he was summoned before the Sanhedrin (Supreme Court in Jerusalem) and charged with speaking against “this holy place and the law.” Stephen respected the Law of Moses but was opposed to the Temples in Jerusalem. Stephen believed that Moses was “both ruler and deliverer” who had promised that God would raise up another prophet. Stephen saw Jesus to be that prophet. At his trial, Stephen made a long speech denouncing Jewish authorities. He was taken out of the city and stoned to death.


Attention All: Egyptian and Hebrew alike. From this day forward, all newborn Hebrew boys are to be put to death by way of drowning in the Nile. Newborn girls will be allowed to live. Any non-compliance will be met with extreme consequences for any parties involved


Dear Pharaoh,

The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has spoken to me. He has sent me to request that you give the Hebrew people leave to go on a three day journey to offer sacrifice to him. Failure to comply will result in swift action from God himself. Israel is God's first born son, if you do not let us go in retaliation he will kill your first born son. Please Pharaoh, let my people go so we may properly honor our God.



Pop Culture Badge

The Book of Eli (2010)

The Book of Eli tells the story of Eli, a blind man living in a futuristic America devastated by nuclear war. Very few books survived the war and Eli, in possession of a King James Bible, walks from east coast to west coast after getting a “message from God.” On his journey, he encounters a gangster who understands the power the Bible has and will stop at nothing to get it. In the end the gangsters gets the Bible but cannot do anything with it because it is written in braille. Eli, portrayed by Denzel Washington, reaches the safe haven on the west coast, and because he has read the Bible so many times, recites it to the people by memory so they can duplicate it. References to the Bible can be found in every scene, some written and some unwritten. One of the major scenes of the movie, a bar fight, is an entire scene of these references. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_AD8P7uPkw

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007)

J.K. Rowling draws influence from many historical events and works of literature. The most obvious are the similarities between England in the wizarding world and German during the holocaust and World War II. Less obvious in the series is the influence drawn from the biblical Gospel of Matthew. One such example is when Harry and Hermione discover the grave of Professor Dumbledore’s mother and sister. The inscription on the tomb reads “Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also” Harry and Hermoine don’t recognize the words, but it is clear that Rowling is quoting Matthew 6:21.

The Lion King (1994)

Another one you probably weren’t expecting to see on this list. While not as blatantly obvious as the Book of Eli and without the written references like in Harry Potter, The Lion King still belongs. The movie, whether intentionally or not, is modeled after the prodigal son from the Gospel of Luke. Simba lives a carefree life of privilege, but dreams of being on his own. Simba eventually ends up on his own, and after a few years in the wild with Timon and Pumba, returns home to his kingdom.

Pulp Fiction (1994)

IMDB describes Pulp Fiction as “The lives of two mob hit men, a boxer, a gangster's wife, and a pair of diner bandits intertwine in four tales of violence and redemption.” One of the hitmen, a man named Jules played by Samuel L. Jackson, is a deeply religious man considering getting out of the business. Jules is first shown at the scene of one of his hits, on a mission to attain a briefcase which is believed to hold the soul of his boss inside. Before he kills the man in the apartment, he recites a line from Ezekiel 25:17.

Assassin’s Creed II (2009)

Assassin’s Creed is a video game series loaded with biblical references. The series makes stops in many time periods and tells an alternate history that includes explaining the creation of man and the theory that the world would end in 2012. The most extreme stories come in Assassin’s Creed II. In the game, Ezio, one of the protagonists, comes to find out the “real” story of Eden. In this alternate history, the First Civilization was the name given by demigods who populated the planet before man. They created man in their image to work as their slaves. Adam and Eve were two humans who escaped Eden. They stole an “Apple of Eden” which was a device the First Civilization used to control the humans. The series touches among many people, such as Napoleon and Hitler, who come across the Apple and use it to achieve power. The main antagonist in AC2 is Rodrigo Borgia, another man who knew about the Apple and seeked it for its power. Borgia would become Pope Alexander VI in 1492, though he is not referred to by this name in the game.

Heresy Badge

Gnoticism- a prominent heretical movement of the 2nd-century Christian Church, partly of pre-Christian origin. Gnostic doctrine taught that the world was created and ruled by a lesser divinity, the demiurge, and that Christ was an emissary of the remote supreme divine being, esoteric knowledge (gnosis) of whom enabled the redemption of the human spirit.

Heresy- belief or opinion contrary to orthodox religious (especially Christian) doctrine.

Reasons why my collection of Heresy should not be destroyed:

1. They can be used as a learning tool. These works can be used to learn other people's beliefs then educate those people.
2. They show a different perspective. They can be analyzed and used to strengthen your religion.
3. You don't know how widespread these heretic teachings are. They should be stored in a safe place so we can access them if their influences are wider reaching than you suspect.
4. These heretic works are actually quite interesting. You could rebrand them as fiction and sell them for profit.
5. Destroying them is environmentally irresponsible. At least recycle them.